ID: 2200

  • Title:
    Structural analysis of proteins exposed to MV/cm-class electrical pulses

    Sato, Yuya - Kumamoto University
    Goto, Shin - Kumamoto University
    Tsurusaki Koki - Kumamoto University
    Katsuki, Sunao - Kumamoto University

    Electric field on plasma membrane of mammalian, plant or bacterial cells, exposed to a pulsed electric field (PEF) of hundred’s kV/m, is automatically enhanced and exceeds 100 MV/m. The enhanced field is known to permeabilize the membrane and induces trans-membrane ion mobilization, while being predicted to affect the functions and/or structures of membrane proteins as dielectric materials with diverse structures. Several molecular dynamics simulations have predicted that 100 MV/m-class PEF stimulates membrane proteins and activates their functions. There is growing interest in the PEF effects on proteins not only from scientific view but also from the applications to physical control of protein functions or structures. However, it is not easy to identify the PEF effect on proteins in living cells since other impact biological events such as Ca influx and the subsequent biochemical processes occur dominantly and hide the PEF effect on proteins. Previously, we experimentally demonstrated that intense electrical pulses on the order of 20 MV/m destroy urease protein in its aqueous solution using the specially adjusted electrophoresis [1]. Moreover, we reported the 100 MV/m-class electrical pulses disintegrate transthyretin aggregate [2]. Here, we investigated the primary, secondary and tertiary structures in Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) and some other proteins, exposed to 10 PEFs with the field up to 130 MV/m, by characterizing the structures, molecular weight and size. Electrophoresis (Native-PAGE) indicates that the electric field exceeding 50 MV/m affects the tertiary structure of BSA. Also, both the surface thiol group measurement and the dynamic light scattering (DLS) indicate the tertiary structure of BSA was loosen and expanded, which coincide with the result of Native -PAGE. On the other hands Circular dichroism (CD) analysis indicated no significant change in the number of α-helices, which leads to the conclusion 130 MV/m PEFs do not affect the secondary structure in BSA. Through the experiment, we carefully monitored the change in pH, temperature and hydrogen peroxide concentration, which could affect the protein conformation, none of these factors affected any of proteins.

    ultra-high electric field, nanosecond PEF, protein, deformation, structural analysis

    G. Urabe, T. Katagiri, S. Katsuki, “Intense pulsed electric fields denature urease proteins”, Bioelectricity, 2, 1, March 2020, doi.org/10.1089/bioe.2019.0021. G. Urabe, T. Sato, G. Nakamura, Y. Kobashigawa, H. Morioka, S. Katsuki, “1.2 MV/cm Pulsed Electric Fields Promote Transthyretin Aggregate Degradation”, Scientific Reports, 10:12003, July 2020, doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68681-0.

    Topic 1:
    2. Biophysics and biochemistry of interaction mechanisms

    Topic 2:
    2. Biophysics and biochemistry of interaction mechanisms

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